An obligate halophilic which was isolated from a hypersaline man-made saltern from Thailand was screened for its potential of producing extracellular values of 8. able to withstand extremes of salinity . Halophilic fungi can be defined as those which are frequently found in hypersaline habitats at NaCl concentrations above 1.7?M and they are able to growin vitroat 3?M salt concentration [2, 3]. Halophilic fungi which are unable to grow without the presence of required NaCl concentrations are called as obligate halophilic fungi IKK-gamma antibody . Extremophiles have long been studies for their metabolites which are capable of working at extreme available conditions . Currently there are several fermentation processes in which halophiles and their metabolites are used . There are reports of using halophilic metabolites as food additives, biosurfactants, biorhodopsins, and biocompatible solutes [3, 6]. The ability of extremophiles to produce hydrolytic extremozymes has been much studied for its possible applications in industries [7, 8]. Mostly halophilic hydrolases such as amylases, cellulases, lipases, xylanases, and proteases have been reported from halophilic bacteria . Except for few preliminary studies there have not been many investigations around the extremozymes from halophilic fungi, particularly obligate halophilic fungi [3, 10]. Amylases are potent industrial enzymes used in textile, laundry, pharmaceutical, and food industries [11, 12]. The TISTR 3638 was isolated from a man-made solar saltern, present in Phetchaburi province of Thailand. The isolate was morphologically and molecularly identified. Characterization studies of fungus revealed the obligate halophilic nature of the fungi . The strain was then deposited to the culture collection center of Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research (TISTR). The fungus was found to have extracellular amylase (see Supplementary Physique 468-28-0 supplier 1 in the Supplementary Material available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/106937), when its biotechnological potentials were investigated . It was assumed from previous studies on other halophilic microbes that this amylase fromA. gracilismay have polyextremophilic nature which can make it applicable in many industrial processes. So, in quest of that, the purification and characterization of Aspergillus graciliswas grown around the potato dextrose agar (PDA) supplemented with 1% (w/v) 468-28-0 supplier soluble starch and 10% (w/v) of NaCl concentration. Five mm of two discs obtained by cock borer was inoculated in 100?mL of production medium in 150?mL Erlenmeyer flask.A. graciliswas grown in the production medium at room temperature (25 2C) at 150?rpm for 14 days. The medium for amylase production was made by following Hernndez et al.  with required modifications.A. gracilis VKvalues. 2.7. Waste Water Treatment The potential of amylase fromA. graciliswas decided for waste water remediation. The performance was checked by comparing the efficiency with commercial grade amylase. Synthetic waste water was made following the composition used by Kapdan and Erten  with few modifications. The medium was composed of soluble starch 10?g/L, NH4Cl 1?g/L, KH2PO4 0.3?g/L, MgCl6H2O 2?g/L, CaCl22H2O 0.2?g/L, C2H3NaO23H2O 1?g/L, and trace element solution 1?mL/L. The trace element solution 468-28-0 supplier was made by MgSO47H2O 3?g/L, MnSO42H2O 0.5?g/L, FeSO47H2O 468-28-0 supplier 0.1?g/L, CaCl22H2O 0.1?g/L, ZnSO47H2O 0.180?g/L, CuSO45H2O 0.01?g/L, H3BO3 0.01?g/L, Na2MoO42H2O 0.01?g/L, and NiCl26H2O 0.25?g/L. The sample mixtures were made by 468-28-0 supplier the addition of 10% of amylase fromA. gracilisand commercial amylase. The sample mixtures were supplemented with 0C25% of NaCl concentrations and incubated for 1 hour at constant pH and temperature. Blank was used as unfavorable control having no enzyme. The change in dissolved oxygen (DO) was monitored by DO meter (DO-5519 Lutron, Taiwan). The results are explained in percentage relative efficiency, where the increase in DO by the amylase fromA. graciliswas considered as control and its DO values were taken as 100%. 2.8. Statistical Analysis Experiments were performed with required controls. Data is usually presented as mean standard deviation (SD) of triplicate readings. A value of? < 0.05 was considered significant. 3. Results 3.1. Purification of Amylase The purity and molecular weight of A. graciliswas found as 131.02?U/mg. Approximately 6 folds of purification were found by purification with 47% yield (Table 1). Physique 1 Fractions of A. gracilisTISTR 3638, produced at flow rate of 30?mL/h by column chromatography. Physique 2 SDS-PAGE analysis of the purified A. gracilisTISTR 3638. L1 represents lane.